What is Methylone
Also known as MDMC, M1 or βk-MDMA, methylone is a psychoactive stimulant and empathogen and member of several drug classes, including the substituted cathinone class. A monoamine alkaloid found in the khat shrub, cathinone can be produced in laboratories and is a popular ingredient found in bath salts and synthetic marijuana.
How Methylone is Taken
Methylone can be taken orally, intranasally, sublingually (under the tongue) or intravenously. It comes in white, powdered form or a pure crystals that may be consumed or crushed and snorted. Abusing methylone intranasally does not produce the intensely euphoric effects induced as when it is taken orally.
How Quickly Methylone Works
Physical and psychological effects of oral methylone begin within 15 minutes of ingestion. The plateau phase of a methylone high occurs between 60 to 90 minutes of ingestion. Depending on how much methylone is consumed, tolerance of the user and other factors, a methylone “trip” could last as long as 20 hours.
Effects of Methylone
Methylone is a powerful stimulant and empathogen (induces feelings of emotional openness and “oneness”) that increases energy, focus and thought processes. Adverse physical and psychological effects of methylone include:
- Sudden spikes in blood pressure
- Chest pain/heart palpitations
- Delusional thinking/paranoia
- Audio/visual hallucinations
- Hyperthermia (abnormally high body heat)
- Panic attacks
- Suicidal ideation
Overdosing on methylone can cause death due to organ failure and shock unless immediate emergency treatment is provided.
Methylone and the Brain
Acting as a mixed releasing agent and reuptake inhibitor of dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin, methylone increased affinity for dopamine and norepinephrine transporters resembles the impact that MDMA has on the brain. High dopamine levels have been correlated with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders while excess norepinephrine causes;
- heart palpitations
- profuse sweating
Methylone slightly raises serotonin levels in the brain, which explains the empathogenic feelings users experience during a methylone “trip”.
Signs of Methylone Abuse
People who take methylone regularly may present signs of being under the influence of methylone when they have not taken the drug. Lack of appetite, increased libido, insomnia and appearing distracting are possible symptoms of methylone abuse and addiction.
Methylone addicts should never attempt to go “cold turkey” as withdrawal symptoms could be life-threatening. Medically supervised detoxification for a methylone addiction is strongly recommended to reduce the risk of seizures, severe dehydration via vomiting/diarrhea and psychotic episodes.
Methylone & The Law
In 2011, the U.S. DEA put an emergency ban on the possession and distribution of methylone by non-medical professionals. In most states, it is illegal to possess, sell, use, import over state lines and manufacture methylone.
Methylone is currently listed as a Schedule 1 Controlled Substance under the Controlled Substance Act. Schedule 1 drugs have a “high potential for abuse” and “no accepted medical use” in the U.S. Other drugs listed with methylone as Schedule 1 substances include LSD, heroin, MDMA, bath salts and Quaaludes.